IG-200 – Advanced Grounding and Bonding

IG-200 Course

iGround – What Sets Our Training Apart (PDF)

Don’t just get opinions or poor interpretation on the difficult subjects of bonding and grounding….get the FACTS and apply what you’ve learned!

An advanced grounding/bonding/site survey training course, with a heavy emphasis on lightning generation, protection, and grounding considerations, will be performed to enhance the present knowledge base to the engineering teams. This class will provide the student the knowledge to understand key issues to all aspects of bonding/grounding for all types of electrical systems with an emphasis on telecommunication-related installations. The five hands-on labs will highlight the application of the test equipment, data collection/analysis, and report generation to communicate the deficiencies often encountered in the field. These issues may be related to a variety of components that impact lightning system evaluation, grounding, bonding, electrical safety, and electronic equipment performance.

This course will present and utilize multiple sources of information used for many power and grounding applications including the National Electrical Code©, IEEE® Green and Emerald Books, IBEW® training guidelines, NFPA® publications, and many others.


Course Outline

Chapter One – Why Bonding/Grounding?

  • What is Grounding/Bonding?
  • NEC© definitions
  • Overview of different systems
  • Lightning and Lightning Protection
  • Personnel Safety
  • Documentation
  • Personnel Involved
  • Where do we go from here?

Chapter Two – Electrical and Metering Principles

  • Volts, Ohms, Amperes
  • Lenz’s Law
  • Resistance and Diffraction
  • Circular Mils/Area of Conductor
  • Insulation Materials/ Temperature Coefficient
  • Impedance
  • Conductor Properties impacting impedance
  • Inductive Reactance/ Capacitive Reactance
  • Impedance of Conductors
  • Waveform Propagation

Chapter Three – Utility/Premises Power Distribution

  • Electrical Transmission Overview
  • Electrical Distribution Flow
  • Wye and Delta Configurations
  • Single Phase vs. Three-Phase
  • Advantages of Three-Phase Power
  • Three-Phase Systems
  • Single-Phase Systems
  • Premises Wiring System Components
  • Separately Derived Power System

Chapter Four – Grounding Electrode System

  • Grounding Electrode System Purpose
  • Grounding Electrode System Components
  • The Earth as a conductor
  • Importance and Contributions to Soil Resistivity
  • Soil Resistivity Measurements
  • Basics of Earth Ground Resistance Measurements
  • Other Approved Methods
  • Earth Ground Test Lab
  • Improving Earth Ground Resistance
  • Types and Selection Criteria of Grounding Electrodes
  • Grounding Electrode Conductor and Installation Req’s
  • Grounding Electrode Conductor Terminations
  • Bonding Systems Lab

Chapter Five – Equipment Grounding System

  • Equipment Grounding System Purposes
  • Types of Equipment Grounding Conductors (EGC’s)
  • Sizing of EGC
  • Types of Electrical System Faults
  • Conductor Routing
  • Fault Circuit Demonstration
  • Improper Neutral – Ground Bonding
  • Wiring Lab

Chapter Six – Troubleshooting

  • IEEE® Categories of Problems
  • Troubleshooting Methodology
  • Types of Equipment to Use
  • Average Responding vs. True RMS
  • Wiring and Grounding Lab
  • Review Results

Chapter Seven – Telecommunication System Bonding

  • Purposes of the Telecommunications Bonding System
  • Telecommunication Bonding Systems Components
  • TIA 607
  • Small/Large System Arrangements (TIA-607 & BICSI)
  • Sizing of Bonding Conductors
  • Conductor Sizing Practice Exercises
  • Raised Floor Bonding
  • Equipment Rack/Cable Tray Bonding
  • Bonding Between Buildings
  • Data Center Bonding
  • R56 Bonding Application
  • Radio/Antenna site Grounding/Bonding
  • Sample Sites
  • Surge Protector Grounding/Bonding
  • Site Examples
  • Two-Point Bonding Test Lab